ASPECTS OF THE FORAMINIFERA FOR THE
with images of microscope slides prepared by the author.
As a result of recent articles on Foraminifera several readers
have asked for
information on books on the subject. Most of them are out of
print and can only be
obtained as second-hand items.
There is some evidence that Pliny the elder was one of the
first to discover Forams in a layer of fossils which he called a
plaster layer in the rocks of Sicily (Ref. 1) though it was Dr.
Ulisse Aldrovandi the Italian scientist and medical man who was
the first to document them in his MUSEUM
METALLICUM of 1648.
Robert Hook (1635-1703) was certainly one of the first to
publish work on the Forams in English in his MICROGRAPHICA of 1665 (Ref. 2). On page 44
Scheme 5 fig 10. of the Dover version there is a small
representation of a Foram which seems to be something like Ammonia
Anthony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) also made reference to
the group in his letters to the Royal Society at a similar period
of time. One of his drawings of an Elphidium crispum
found at Scheveningen can be found reproduced in his biography by
C. Dobel (Ref. 3) in ANTONY VAN LEEUWENHOEK
AND HIS LITTLE ANIMALS.
None of these works were of any magnitude from the point of
view of the Foraminifera and it was not until Carl Linnaeus wrote
his SYSTEMA NATURAE 10th ed. during
1758-1759 (Ref. 4) that 15 different species were listed under
the genus Nautilus. Towards the end of the 18th century
and into the 19th century generic authors emerged and mushroomed
throughout Europe; names that remain with us are Walker, Boys,
Jacob, Soldani, Fitchel , d'Orbigny and of course Williamson.
|Foraminifera from the Mediterranean
Sea. Mounted in the manner of Alfred Earland Plate 44
Fig. D in "Microscopical
Mounts and Mounters" ISBN 9514441-3-1,
by Brian Bracegirdle, pub. QMC.
From the Norman bequest. Arrangement ca. 7.5mm diameter.
RECENT LITERATURE ON THE
AN ATLAS OF RECENT FORAMINIFERA.
1971 ISBN 0 435 62430 X Heinemann Press with 96 SEM plates.
This work contains the main comprehensive listing with
illustrations of those recent
species common to the British Isles. Not all the rarer types that
come in onto our
west coasts on the Atlantic drift are included. Estimated
second-hand cost £15-£35
THE CHALLENGER FORAMINIFERA.
1994 ISBN 19 854096 5 Oxford University Scientific Press.
This is a beautiful reprint of two of the Challenger volumes. It
contains the original
coloured illustrations with a thoroughly updated listing of
species and their
locations. In addition there is a resume of the voyage of the
Challenger and a version of the Brady Biography. Recently in
print new at £180.
1980 fifth printing SBN 674 30802 8 Harvard University Press.
This is a standard text for global fossil and recent
Foraminifera. The illustrations are
white on a black background and superbly done. There are normally
two volumes but
sometimes they are bound together. The text must be regarded as
not altogether up to
date, but perhaps updated versions now exist. Cushman published
several general and specific works on the subject during his
lifetime. Estimated second-hand cost £8-£20
T. Saito et al
SYSTEMATIC INDEX OF RECENT AND PLEISTOCENE
ISBN 0 86008 280 6 University of Tokyo Press 1981.
This is a splendid book with excellent SEM plates but is confined
species as per title. Estimated second-hand cost £10-£15.
This extensive text book contains 15 actual plates and over 100
text figures. Many of these contain fossil and sub-fossil
listings with diagrams and illustrations, but the publication
falls short of being a Foram atlas as such. There have been
reprints and a not very recent value was about £64 new.
Dr. E. Th.N. Spiker
FORAMINIFEREN FOSSIL EN RECENT.
Wetenschappelijk mededelingen Nr 99 KNNV November 1973.
With 281 Monochrome Figs.
The very useful plates are contained in a detached working folder
that is separate
from the main Dutch text. This was a very inexpensive production
but would only be obtainable in the Netherlands second-hand.
|Foraminifera from the
Mediterranean Sea. Nine named. Dry mounted gum
tragacanth. Arrangement including text ca. 9mm square.
As well as ordinary book shops there are on line technical
book shops. If they have a search engine attached, a good one
would be expected to bring up around 40 references using the
keyword "FORAMINIFERA". In this subject, the work of
Chushman seems to be the most commonly available. His FORAMINIFERA is valued from US$20 to
US$30 from the United States but expect postal charges.
In the United Kingdom, Savona Books at 9 Wilton Road Hornsea,
North Humberside HU18 1GU Tel No. 0964 535195 will always oblige
with a priced catalogue which often has books in this field.
|Foraminifera from the
Dry mounted. Diameter of arrangement ca. 5mm.
Ref. 1. Aldrovandi U. MUSEUM METALLICUM
1648 page 711 Cap. 157. A good copy exists in the Natural History
Museum, South Kensington, London.
Ref. 2. R Hooke MICROGRAPHIA
1665 publ. J. Martyn and J. Allestry reprinted under Dover Books
in 1961. Estimated second-hand of the Dover version costs
Ref. 3. C.Dobell ANTONY VAN LEEUWENHOEK
AND HIS LITTLE ANIMALS
London 1932 New York (Dover Books) 1960. Estimated second-hand of
the Dover version costs £10-£25
Ref. 4. Carl Linnaeus SYSTEMA NATURAE
10th ed. 1758-1759. This can also be found in the Zoology library
of the Natural History Museum.
The Kane Scientific Company of 109 Hicks Lane,
Great Neck, NY 11024, USA
sell 3" models of the main 40 genera of the Foraminifera.
Four pages of photographs of these 40 models can be downloaded
site. These in themselves are very useful educational aids for
those who would like to become familiar with the external
morphological characteristics of the main Genera.
Brian's previous articles on Foraminifera can
be found by typing 'Darnton' in the Article Library search
engine, see link below.
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