The myriad uses of slide-ringing tables
by Roland Mortimer, Brazil
Slide-ringing tables were made in Europe and the U.S. during the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. The earliest form was a contraption made of two wooden disks with their edges grooved to take a cord. They were fixed to a board with a screw in the centre of each disk and the disks placed at a short distance from each other in a linear fashion. The cord loop was then placed in the groove of the first disk, crossed, then put into the groove of the second. One of the disks had a wooden handle affixed near its periphery, this was used to drive both disks via the drive-cord. The second disk had clips with which to hold the slide while ringing or other preparations were made. (See diagram below).
(See footnote 1 for image source).
A metal form was later developed which made things much easier, one of which was given to me by Dr. Manuel del Cerro, editor of the Journal of the Microscope Historical Society, New York (see footnote 2). I cleaned it slightly to remove the years of dirt and dust only to find it was once nickel-plated as evidenced by the small patches still adhering to the brass table. The cleaning operation also revealed the hidden signature on the table: E.H. Griffith, Pat. Ap'd for, Fairport, N.Y. (No, this is not a spelling mistake on my part, the abbreviation 'app'd 'is actually written with one 'p' on the table).
Detail of signature
I discovered from information given by Mr. Mike Dingley of Australia that Ezra Griffith worked at Fairport during the period 1875 to 1890 and was only awarded the patent in Dec. 1886 which dates this table before the award as it has Pat. Ap'd. for on it. In comparison to most existing tables this one has many additional resources. There are the usual concentric rings used as an aid to centering the coverslip on the slide, plus the usual slide clips, but what makes this one different is the fact it has a 'stop' pin which positions the slide so its centre coincides with the central point of the table (the pin is removable by unscrewing). The aligning of the slide is also aided by two removable pins screwed into the central revolving part of the table, these can also be used to lock the slide and ensure its correct position. One of the slide clips is affixed to a screwed pin which is itself screwed into the periphery of a small round brass disk which rotates, this can be locked in any position via a thumb-screw under the table. The table also has a large, comfortable, square hand-rest which attaches to the rear body of the table by hooked extensions to two metal pins located on each side of the latter.
Underside of the table
Why use a slide-ringing table at all? What are the benefits? Can they still be purchased? The answer to the first question is; using such a table permits all of the work to be done in a small area and the coverslip placed in the correct position on the slide. The answer to the second is your slides look professionally finished and gives an appealing look to your work, besides sealing the object onto the slide which does not permit solvent to evaporate from the preparation. It also prohibits fungi and humidity from entering between slide and cover thus spoiling your work. Your slides will last much longer if ringed correctly.
Examples of the author's own prepared slides
Making dry mounts is made that much easier too; simply make a ring of gold size or asphalt varnish a little smaller than the cover to be used for the mount. When the varnish is 'tacky', place the cover over the ring and lightly press the ring into position so the varnish forms a seal. When the varnish is dry you can ring normally to seal your slide. This also works very well for objects mounted in fluids other than resins. You can cut circular covers from rectangular ones using the table and a diamond tipped pen. You can even make several sizes of simple dark-field 'stops' with the table using black paint.
Another interesting use is when objects must be placed on a dark background for incident lighting effects, such as is used for mounting foraminifera. This is effected by making a black spot to the required size using matt black paint and leaving to dry, then place your object in the center of the spot and mount dry as described above.
And lastly, yes, fortunately slide-ringing tables may still be had from e.g. from Brunel Microscopes (UK). They have the usual concentric rings to aid in centering the cover and a rest/aid for the ringing-brush. Asphalt-based varnish was used some time ago but is difficult to find, although Northern Biological Supplies (UK) still stock and sell this as well as goldsize (see link above). I use synthetic acrylic paint; it does the same job and looks identical to the varnish, simply because the asphalt product isn't available in this part of the world. However one can obtain an asphalt based varnish here which never really sets absolutely hard, I use this to make the sealing rings for my dry mounts before ringing.
Comments to the author Roland Mortimer email@example.com welcomed.
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1) The drawing of the old ringing table was sourced from Jabez Hogg's "The Microscope, its History, Construction and Applications", fourth edition, 1859, publisher Routledge Warnes & Routledge (London).
2) Details of the Microscope Historical Society and contact/membership details which have been kindly supplied by Manuel del Cerro are here.
Published in the January 2001 edition of Micscape Magazine.
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