Physical and geometric optics of the microscope and their implications for practice.
This website is intended as a freely accessible primer in microscopy for educational purposes or self-study. Text and figures may be multiplied provided this is not done commercially. High-school levels of mathematics and physics are perfectly sufficient and not really required, even.
As the text is also aimed at self-study and many amateurs will wish to use a "vintage" microscope and/or are of an experimental inclination, this situation is also taken into account. The corresponding text is in italics, like this. Keywords are in blue, warnings and crucial points are in red.
Sadly the author, Frithjof A S Sterrenburg, passed away in March 2016. If there any queries about the Primer, please contact the Micscape Editor, David Walker via the Contact Form on the main site index.
Revision history:The zip file has been updated to include these.
September 2002. Uploaded.
October 2002. A section on infinity-corrected optics has been added to Chapter 8.
October 2005. Minor revision to chapter 6 on using digital cameras.
|2. A Brief History|
|4. Basic Microscopy|
|5. Geometric Microscope Optics|
|6. Physical Optics in Microscopy|
|8. Special Microscopy Techniques|
Download the microprimer.zip file (ca. 1.3 Mbytes).
Notes on the downloadable file.
- It is a zip file created with WinZip v8.1.
- Windows users can unzip with WinZip or StuffIt Expander.
- Mac users can also use the Mac version of StuffIt Expander or MacZip.
- On either platform, unzip the htm and jpg files to a directory of choice and open the file index.htm in a web page browser when offline.
- Please note the permitted usage notes above. The zip file and/or contents must not be further distributed, hosted on other sites or modified without the permission of the author.
- If there are any problems in downloading/extracting the zip file, please contact the Micscape Editor. Thank you to the Mac user who has reported an empty zip file on downloading and expanding with StuffIt. We are looking into this problem, but in the meantime, for users who experience this, the unzipped files can be e-mailed on request.
Hosted by Micscape Magazine, the monthly magazine of Microscopy-UK.
© Frithjof A. S. Sterrenburg